Digital Citizenship

 

When thinking about digital citizenship, we recognise that the term mean digital interaction. Someone who is regularly using the technologies to access the Internet are seen as digital citizens. One of the main 9 elements of digital citizenship is communication. Communication as seen as a massive important aspect of the digital world as it allows individuals to put their points and views across as they may feel that communicating online is much more engaging and interactive. Nowadays, we can speak to whomever we want online with the click of a button, something that we were not able to do many years ago. “Before the Internet came into existence, to communicate with someone who isn’t in the same room as you, you would have to call them on a phone. Or if you wanted to send them a note you had to send a letter through snail mail. With the introduction of the Internet, we now have the ability to send and receive messages through electronic mail- virtually instantaneously and without the need of a postage stamp.” (zonealarm.com, 2015). This allows us to see the major transformation of digital citizenship within the last few decades. The Internet and digital technologies have a variety of choices that enable us in order speak to individuals online, such as email, social networking sites and video conferencing. These technologies give the public the opportunity to keep in continuous touch with our friends and family, and even members of the public we have become familiar with online. Now, we can talk to anyone, no matter how many miles away or no matter what time. Being able to communicate online may be invaluable to some people. Many individuals find it much easier to interact online, rather than face-to-face communication. Online communication gives people the opportunity to get their points across, for example, to their colleagues, as it is a much more relaxing setting. However, we also have to be sensible and conscious about the specific things we say when comes to communicating online. Everything we post online can have a way of getting back to us, even if it has been discarded, so we need to be exceptionally careful when talking to our peers and sharing our views on a topic. Also, sharing our personal information online is also an aspect we need to look at carefully. As we know, what we share or post online can be seen by many individuals online, mostly people we do not know. “With the push of a button or the click of a mouse, sensitive information can be shared unsafely. Warning students about what is appropriate to share through digital channels can prevent embarrassing, costly and dangerous situations.” (Kramer, E. 2013). That is why it is important to keep our personal information to ourselves like addresses and phone numbers as strangers can easily access these. Overall, having the technologies allowing us to be able to communicate online with our peers, family and colleagues is one of the most significant things to happen to society in the past few decades. I know myself that communicating online is an important part of my life, not just for socialising, but communicating with my fellow classmates in order to complete tasks or assignments. “Online college degrees and programs make it possible for students to work during the day and complete their studies from their homes at nights. Those who spend a lot of time traveling due to work can also complete their education in their spare time.” I think being able to communicate online with other individuals is a detrimental and great part of society, but only if we are smart when doing so.

 

References –

2015, The advantages and disadvantages of the internet. Electronic communications.

http://www.zonealarm.com/blog/2015/02/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-internet/

 

Kramer, E. 2013. The nine elements of digital citizenship that all students must understand. Digital communication.

http://www.sec-ed.co.uk/best-practice/the-nine-elements-of-digital-citizenship-that-all-students-must-understand

 

Butteriss C, 2010. Eight advantages of online communication for citizen engagement.

http://bangthetable.com/2010/04/14/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-online-communication-revisited/

 

Advantages and disadvantages of making content freely available online.

“Remixing is defined as the act of rearranging, combining, editorializing, and adding originals to create something entirely new.” (Jessel M, 2013). The internet is a new way for us to interact. It allows us to create, share, distribute and use specific content online, for either professional use or even just social use, and has become a lot more favoured over recent years. It allows us to share our work/content online for free in order to educate or entertain other internet users. Examples such as, podcasts, blogs, and even academic content such as lectures. “Seventy-four of the last 100 top grossing films were sequels, adaptations, or remakes. Sugar Hill Gang’s “Rapper’s Delight” samples the bass riff from Chic’s “Good Times,” pop-art from Shepard Fairey stylized images of Obama and Andre the Giant, Quentin Tarantino’s Kill Bill is a pastiche of elements from hundreds of other films, and so on.” (Jessel M, 2013)

There are many advantages and disadvantages when it comes to individuals making their content accessible and freely available online. As I focused my thinking on advantages of content being accessible online for free, I immediately thought of my own experiences, which led me to think about my university course. Most of, if not all of my university course content is freely accessible online, whether it’s a powerpoint or even a recording, and I personally believe it to be a great thing as I use it to my advantage, almost every night. Online content such as lectures and tutorials can come in extremely handy for example, if participants have not noted the important points they need to complete their assessments or have not necessarily understood certain aspects, it allows the students to go back and have another look. Also, students who have recently been absent at the time the lecture or tutorial was formally presented, are able to log onto their university account and read up on anything that they missed. This allows them to catch up independently, saving the lecturer a lot of time and effort as they are not having to email the individual explaining the main points of the lecture. “The recorded lecture has some straightforward practical advantages. Students can rewind if their attention has lapsed, or if they don’t understand what they’ve heard, or if English is not their first language. They can pause to take better notes or if they need to look something up.” (Clark D, 2014).

Although there are many positives, there can also be some disadvantages when making content online freely available. When thinking about the issue of copyright, we can see that a disadvantage is downloading content illegally. Copyright happens when someone wrongly shares or uses content that was not theirs to begin with. The ‘Creative Commons’ website was designed in order to give online users the chance to share and use content freely without copyright being an issue. It holds thousands or songs, videos, and even academic resources. Our free, easy-to-use copyright licenses provide a simple, standardized way to give the public permission to share and use your creative work — on conditions of your choice. CC licenses let you easily change your copyright terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved.” (Creative Commons). The governing body uses the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 act in order to ensure that the copyright laws are adhered to. This act controls the content online, while protecting it from being used or remixed by other internet users.

http://www.wideo.co/view/11590171446638189581?from=cp

References

http://marketingland.com/remix-culture-rethinking-what-we-call-original-content-41791

http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/may/15/ten-reasons-we-should-ditch-university-lectures

http://creativecommons.org/about

DIGITAL IDENTITIES

Advantages and disadvantages of having more than one online identity.

Almost everyone that uses the Internet has at least one online profile. What is an online profile? “Digital identity is the network or Internet equivalent to the real identity of a person or entity (like a business or government agency) when used for identification in connections or transactions from PCs, cell phones or other personal devices.”  Examples of online profiles are networking sites such as Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, or even online blogs.

Personally, I wouldn’t argue that having more than one online profile is a bad thing. Especially if the reason is purely because the individual doesn’t want their personal details being accessible to the rest of the population. I completely agree with Julia Allison when she argues “we should maintain many identities – one for work, another for school, another for home, another for friends”(Jarvis, J, 2011). I can certainly associate myself with this as I have two twitter accounts as of just recently. I use one for my social and personal use, and use the other for my university assessments and participation. It is important to me to be able to divide my social life from my professional life as I am studying as a student teacher and believe that my social life online should be kept out of reach to children. It wouldn’t be professional of me to leave my profile easily accessible for anyone, as this could cause many problems, some even jeopardising my career. A second advantage of having more than one online identity is due to employment reasons. It is easy enough for anyone to type your full name into Google in order to find out details and information, sometimes personal and it is most likely that any potential employer will be intrigued about how you portray yourself online. They will be looking to employ someone who is responsible and able to advertise their company. “According to surveys, about three-quarters of recruiters check out applicants on the Internet when hiring, and almost half of all employers do the same. Employers report rejecting job applicants when they find references to drug use, heavy drinking, sexually offensive materials, violent imagery, and so on.” (L, Guerin). This means that they will be able to see everything you post, including your tweets, personal opinions and even your pictures, maybe sometimes bordering on inappropriate. This is why I see having more than one online profile to be advantageous, as it divides up your social life and professional life, sometimes for professional reasons such as studying something specific at university that could be conflicted or applying for jobs.

Although I agree with having more than one online profile, there are disadvantages about the subject. As social networking sites are constantly changing, this can be seen as a bad thing to people that have or have previously had more than one online profile. The individual may have had a second profile in which they no longer use and have in fact forgotten about. This can lead to the personal information on these forgotten profiles to be seen and possibly used by others. Another advantage could be losing track of your online profiles. Depending on how many social networking profiles you have, it can hard to keep track of all of them, including passwords and including who out of the public can see each profile. It is important for the individual to be conscious when using each profile as some personal information or pictures can be accidentally posted on the wrong profile, for example, your professional one.

Overall, I believe having more than one online profile can be advantageous for many reasons, even though they are many disadvantages to go along with it. Thinking about my circumstances, I believe it to be a beneficial idea for me to divide my personal life from my social life as it could possibly jeopardise my career when I qualify as a teacher.

References;

http://www.justaskgemalto.com/en/node/4812

(Jarvis, J. 2011)

http://buzzmachine.com/2011/03/08/one-identity-or-more/

(Guerin, L)

http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/can-potential-employers-check-your-facebook-page.html